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All About Ghana

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo

Continent: Africa

Area: comparative: slightly smaller than Oregon

Bordering countries: to the north-Burkina Faso, to the east-Togo, to the west-Cote d'Ivoire

Capital: Accra

Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mount Afadjato 880 m

Lakes: Lake Volta is in the southeast corner of the country. It was created when they built the Akosombo Dam in 1964. Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake.

Rivers: The Volta River is the largest river.

Terrain: mostly low lying savannahs (grasslands) with a central forest

National Parks: The Kujani National Park is a popular attraction on Lake Volta however, Mole is the best known park in Ghana.

Background: Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. A long series of coups resulted in the suspension of the constitution in 1981 and the banning of political parties. A new constitution, restoring multiparty politics, was approved in 1992.

Independence: 6 March 1957 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 6 March (1957)

Population: 19,533,560

Nationality: noun: Ghanaian(s)

Ethnic groups: black African 99.8% (major tribes - Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%), European and other 0.2%

Religions: indigenous beliefs 38%, Muslim 30%, Christian 24%, other 8%

Languages: English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)

Natural resources: gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower

Industries: mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing

Agriculture - products: cocoa, rice, coffee, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber

Exports - commodities: gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds

Climate: tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north

Country name:
conventional long form: Republic of Ghana
conventional short form: Ghana
former: Gold Coast

Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green with a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band;

Currency: 1 new cedi (C) = 100 pesewas