The U.S. Constitution and The Three Branches of U.S.
Students will understand how the content of the United States
Constitution and the three branches enable the U.S. Government to function.
The constitution of the United States divides the powers of the
federal government into three separate branches, the Legislature, Executive and Judicial branches.
The Legislative branch of the federal
government is responsible for making the nation's laws. Members of the
Senate and the House of Representatives share the responsibility of balancing
the needs of constituents with those of the nation.
is head of the Executive branch of government, which
is responsible for enforcing laws. The President provides leadership by
setting goals and developing policies.
The Judicial branch of the federal government interprets the
Constitution and decides if federal laws are protecting the rights of
citizens. The Supreme Court as the final court of appeals for both the
state and federal court systems.
You and your partner will research the web sites given
below to learn about the three branches of government. Together, you
will need to answer ALL of the following questions for the U.S.
Constitution and each branch of government. Each question should be
answered with approximately 2-3 sentences, and credit all online
references using Citation Maker. As always, check spelling, grammar, and
make sure your names are on the top of all pages.
NOTE: Plagiarism is
when you copy other people's work instead of writing your own ideas in
your own words. Rewording someone else's words is still plagiarism! If you
have any questions, ASK!!! It is better to know and
be prepared! See Copyright issues in the classroom for more
Create this document in Word. Save in your Documents folder.
- What is the the Constitution?
- What are the roles and functions of the three branches of
- How do separation of powers and checks and balances affect the
(Review the graphic Checks and
- What are the rights, liberties, and responsibilities of U.S.
- How is the Constitution a living document?
- Identify the general responsibilities of law makers.
- Compare the specific responsibilities of and requirements for
members of Congress.
- Distinguish between delegated and implied powers of Congress.
- Describe how a bill becomes a law?
- Identify the qualifications of the Presidency.
- Identify the roles and responsibilities of the President.
- Describe the organization of the executive branch of
- Compare points of view on presidential power.
- Describe the functions of our federal court system.
- Explain the difference between a civil case and a criminal
case. Find examples of each.
- Explain the role and function of the Supreme Court
- Identify the Justices of the Supreme Court, the year they were
appointed and by what President.
|Vocabulary Words |
US Constitution vocabulary words. It is
important that the student recognize and understand these words for your
||Slaves would be counted as
3/5 of a person when figuring a state's population. |
|Articles of Confederation:
||The first written government
of America. It was weak and was replaced with the Constitution.
||The first 10 Amendments of
the Constitution. |
|Checks and Balances:
||A system of limits imposed by
the Constitution of the United States on all branches of a
government by vesting in each branch the right to amend or void
those acts of another that fall within its
||Settlement of a dispute
whereby each side gives up part of what it demands (avoids a violent
||The Congress will have 2
houses with equal representation in the Senate and representation
based on population in the House of Representatives. |
||The study of how people get
what they need - money, banks, tariffs. |
|Elastic Clause :
||Part of Article I of the
Constitution where it says Congress can make all laws necessary and
||Powers given to the national
government instead of the state governments. |
||The study of power,
government and political parties. |
|Separation of Powers:
||Splitting the authority of
the national government into 3 separate parts: executive, judicial
and legislative. |
New Jersey Plan:
||States would have equal
representation in congress. |
||The power of the executive to
reject a law. |
||States would be represented
in Congress based on population.